We live in a scientific age. Millions of young people study science, thousands of universities teach, and hundreds of publications chronicle. We also have a cable channel that serves only for its wonders. We are immersed in exploration technology. But what was science and who was the first practitioner?
Science is a study of the physical world, but not just a subject, a theme, an interest area. This is a discipline – a kind of test system that suits a certain methodology – the scientific method. The basic form of the scientific method consists of seven steps:
2) Detecting a Problem or Issue;
3) formulating a hypothesis or possibly answering the problem or question:  examining the hypothesis in one experiment;
5) Analyze the results of the experiment;
6) the interpretation of the data and the wording of the conclusion;
Of course, without studying the scientific method, we can study phenomena. But the result is not science. This Pseudoscience or the Eye Science
Throughout history, many people have studied nature in many parts of the world without using the scientific method. Of the earliest people, the ancient Greeks were. Aristotle, for example, Aristotle, made many observations of natural phenomena but their experiments did not test their ideas. Instead, they relied on the logic to support their achievements. As a result, erroneous conclusions are often reached. Centuries later, scientists made the mistakes of the Greeks scientifically.
Perhaps the most famous eradication of Greek beliefs occurred in 1589 when Galileo Galilei attacked Aristotle's ideas of falling bodies. Aristotle claimed that heavy bodies fall faster than light bodies. His statement was logical, but it was not proven. Galileo decided to examine Aristotle's hypothesis, the legend says by throwing balls of varying weight from the balcony of Pisa's shepherd's tower. He released the balls at once and found that none of the balls ran before the other. Rather they moved on the ground and hit the ground at the same time. Galileo also carried out experiments in which balls of various weights rolled down to try to discover the truth of the falling bodies. With regard to these and other experiments, Galileo is considered to be the first scientist.
However, Galileo was not the first experimenting person or the scientific method to follow. European scientists have been experimenting for three hundred years because a Franciscan monk named Roger Bacon, a British native, reminded of the thirteenth century experimentation. Opus Magus In Bacon's five parts, he challenges ancient Greek ideas about vision and includes a number of bright experiments that include the seven steps of the scientific method. Opus Magus but not original work. This is a summary of a much longer job. (19459003) The Optics . Bacon follows the organization of De aspectibus and step by step, sometimes literally speaks his experiments. But But aspectibus is also not original work. This is a translation of an Arabic-language book Kitab al-Manazir ( Book of Optics ). About 1021 Kitab al-Manazir before Roger Bacon's summary of 250 years. This author of the pioneering book is Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, a Muslim scholar.
He was born in Basra in 965 (located in Iraq), Ibn al-Haytham – the West as Alhaz or Alhacen – wrote over 200 books and dissertations on a wide range of topics. He was the first to apply algebra to geometry, establishing almathematics as an analytical geometry.
Ibn al-Haytham was experimenting with the emergence of skeptical nature and Muslim beliefs. He thought human beings were wrong and only God was perfect. To discover the truth of nature, he thought, it was necessary to let the universe speak for itself. "The seeker of truth is not the one who seeks to study the ancient writings and trusts in his nature", Ibn al-Haytham wrote: "The doubts about Ptolemaia ", but rather the one who suspects his faith and questions what he collects from them who argue and testify. "
Examining the hypothesis that" lights and colors do not interfere with the air ", for example, Ibn al-Haytham picked up the world's first camcorder obscura, observed what happened when the light rays penetrated the opening and fixed the This is only a part of the "real demonstrations" or of the experiments which are contained by Kitab al-Manazir .
Ibn al-Haytham has insisted on using a new, verifiable experiment to test hypotheses for a test system – method – and the first scientist in history.
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