Also known as Android, Droid, an operating system for the latest generation of mobile phones. The operating system was developed by Google and is currently the world's most popular operating system for smart phones, using more than 33% of the market. Android is running on tablets developed by Google Inc.
Google purchased Google six years ago in 2005 and was first distributed in November 2007. The demonstration was announced by the launch of the Open Handset Alliance, which is a consortium of 80 IT companies developing mobile phones. Most Android codes were released under the Apache license, which allows Android as free software.
The operating system is based on the Linux kernel and is written in C-language with intermediate software, libraries, and APIs, and includes Java-compatible libraries. Like the other very popular OS on the market, Apple iOS, Android contains a large database of third-party applications developed by independent programmers or companies, most of which are made in Java. There are currently more than 250,000 applications on Android Market launched by Google. Applications can also be downloaded from other sites, but it is recommended to use versions of the operating system's official market.
Android is currently the world's most popular and best-selling smartphone platform, Canalys and comScore. Google's operating system was the best in the fourth quarter of 2010.
Since the original release, a number of updates have been implemented on the Android system. All versions of Android have code numbers and nicknames, and the latest versions are 2.0 Eclair, 2.1 Eclair, 2.2 Froyo, 2.3 Gingerbread, 3.0 Honeycomb, 3.1 Honeycomb, and 3.2 Honeycomb. The 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich version is released in the fourth quarter of 2011, is currently under development and testing.
Android is mainly based on hardware from the ARM architecture. The Android x86 project supports x86 and Google TV uses a special version of Android on x86. Android's first Android smartphone is HTC Dream, released in October 2008. Google co-operated with HTC on its first Android device, Google Nexus One, and the 2010 version in collaboration with Samsung: Google Nexus S.
in the Linux kernel, and Android had a number of security issues in the meantime . In August 2010, an SMS trojan infected many devices, and in March 2011, Google found 58 malicious apps on Android Market that were downloaded to some 260,000 devices. Most applications have hidden trojans and infected many devices. The most recent study, conducted in August 2011, found that around half a million Android users infected malicious programs in the first half of 2011.
However, Android remains one of the world's most popular operating systems, and the only competitor, Apple iOS, is still far ahead.
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